The blues evolved from informal performances in bars to entertainment in theaters. Español 1 646 000+ artículos. Impressum & Kontakt. Blues Rock is a type of music which mixes blues with rock and roll, and uses mostly electric guitar as a main instrument. Blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments in painting and traditional colour theory, as well as in the RGB colour model. There are also 16-bar blues, such as Ray Charles's instrumental "Sweet 16 Bars" and Herbie Hancock's "Watermelon Man". [75] The smooth Louisiana style of Professor Longhair and, more recently, Dr. John blends classic rhythm and blues with blues styles. Am Tag des Baumes 2014 startete das Unternehmen die Kampagne Pornhub Gives America Wood. Key Appeared in a Blues game during the 2017–2018 season. C'est un style où le chanteur exprime sa tristesse et ses déboires. Bienvenue! Handy was a formally trained musician, composer and arranger who helped to popularize the blues by transcribing and orchestrating blues in an almost symphonic style, with bands and singers. In the poem, the phrase is used to refer to the United States Army, alluding both to the Thin Red Line and to the fact that US Army soldiers wore blue uniforms from the eighteenth century through the nineteenth century. For instance Blind Lemon Jefferson's "Rising High Water Blues" (1927) tells of the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927: Backwater rising, Southern peoples can't make no time The little-recorded Robert Johnson[70] combined elements of urban and rural blues. Little Walter, Sonny Boy Williamson (Rice Miller) and Sonny Terry are well known harmonica (called "harp" by blues musicians) players of the early Chicago blues scene. The blues scale is often used in popular songs like Harold Arlen's "Blues in the Night", blues ballads like "Since I Fell for You" and "Please Send Me Someone to Love", and even in orchestral works such as George Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue" and "Concerto in F". [104] Blues performers explored a range of musical genres, as can be seen, for example, from the broad array of nominees of the yearly Blues Music Awards, previously named W.C. King's singing and virtuoso guitar technique earned him the eponymous title "king of the blues". In England, electric blues took root there during a much acclaimed Muddy Waters tour in 1958. In the 1960s and 1970s, a hybrid form called blues rock developed, which blended blues styles with rock music. In 1963, LeRoi Jones, later known as Amiri Baraka, was the first to write a book on the social history of the blues in Blues People: The Negro Music in White America. [46] However, there are some characteristics that were present long before the creation of the modern blues. Charles Peabody mentioned the appearance of blues music at Clarksdale, Mississippi, and Gate Thomas reported similar songs in southern Texas around 1901–1902. Русский 1 682 000+ статей. B. Lenoir from the Chicago blues movement in the 1950s recorded several LPs using acoustic guitar, sometimes accompanied by Willie Dixon on the acoustic bass or drums. Afternoon since April 2014 and has been collected in fifteen tankōbon volumes as of May 2020. The first publication of blues sheet music may have been "I Got the Blues", published by New Orleans musician Antonio Maggio in 1908 and described as "the earliest published composition known to link the condition of having the blues to the musical form that would become popularly known as 'the blues. These recordings were typically labeled "race records" to distinguish them from records sold to white audiences. Some labels are famous for rediscovering and remastering blues rarities, including Arhoolie Records, Smithsonian Folkways Recordings (heir of Folkways Records), and Yazoo Records (Shanachie Records).[118]. Handy Awards[117] or of the Grammy Awards for Best Contemporary and Traditional Blues Album. [26] Blues seven chords add to the harmonic chord a note with a frequency in a 7:4 ratio to the fundamental note. Garofalo, p. 44. Blues performances were organized by the Theater Owners Bookers Association in nightclubs such as the Cotton Club and juke joints such as the bars along Beale Street in Memphis. He became a popular and prolific composer, and billed himself as the "Father of the Blues"; however, his compositions can be described as a fusion of blues with ragtime and jazz, a merger facilitated using the Cuban habanera rhythm that had long been a part of ragtime;[19][67] Handy's signature work was the "Saint Louis Blues". Rock and roll has been called "blues with a backbeat"; Carl Perkins called rockabilly "blues with a country beat". and the whole world let them peoples go down there free. Georgia also had an early slide tradition,[71] with Curley Weaver, Tampa Red, "Barbecue Bob" Hicks and James "Kokomo" Arnold as representatives of this style. Yellow (Y), 4. Mamie Smith, more a vaudeville performer than a blues artist, was the first African American to record a blues song in 1920; her second record, "Crazy Blues", sold 75,000 copies in its first month. Before World War II, the boundaries between blues and jazz were less clear. Gordon's successor at the library was John Lomax. [98] The "West Side sound" had strong rhythmic support from a rhythm guitar, bass guitar and drums and as perfected by Guy, Freddie King, Magic Slim and Luther Allison was dominated by amplified electric lead guitar. Considered a wholly American musical form, jazz originated during the late 19th century within black communities of the Southern United States. Early blues frequently took the form of a loose narrative, often relating the racial discrimination and other challenges experienced by African-Americans. We also field a Division 2 team that offers new or inexperienced players a chance to learn the game while allowing them the opportunity to advance onto the D1 side. Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with its roots in blues and ragtime. 2020-11-27 00:26:17  RB3025 Aviator Large Metal W3275 price: $25.00 Add to bag. The lyrics often relate troubles experienced within African American society. The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll, is characterized by the call-and-response pattern, the blues scale and specific chord progressions, of which the twelve-bar blues is the most common. While popular musicians like Bo Diddley[88] and Chuck Berry,[94] both recording for Chess, were influenced by the Chicago blues, their enthusiastic playing styles departed from the melancholy aspects of blues. Learn more about blues, including notable musicians. The first commercial recording of vocal blues by an African-American singer: Traditional spiritual performed by Texas gospel singer, Chicago blues of the late prewar era, the so-called, "Blues singing is about emotion. But the origins of the blues were some decades earlier, probably around 1890. Italiano 1 658 000+ voci. The origins of spirituals go back much further than the blues, usually dating back to the middle of the 18th century, when the slaves were Christianized and began to sing and play Christian hymns, in particular those of Isaac Watts, which were very popular. [33] This music is poorly documented, partly because of racial discrimination in U.S. society, including academic circles,[34] and partly because of the low rate of literacy among rural African Americans at the time. [75] Classic female urban and vaudeville blues singers were popular in the 1920s, among them "the big three"—Gertrude "Ma" Rainey, Bessie Smith, and Lucille Bogan. [5] As time went on, the phrase lost the reference to devils, and "it came to mean a state of agitation or depression." The Blues Junior is a tube guitar amplifier introduced in 1990 by the Fender Musical Instrument Corporation. The lyrics generally end on the last beat of the tenth bar or the first beat of the 11th bar, and the final two bars are given to the instrumentalist as a break; the harmony of this two-bar break, the turnaround, can be extremely complex, sometimes consisting of single notes that defy analysis in terms of chords. The film drew many of the biggest living influencers of the rhythm and blues genre together, such as Ray Charles, James Brown, Cab Calloway, Aretha Franklin, and John Lee Hooker. Jump blues grew up from the boogie woogie wave and was strongly influenced by big band music. Los Blues (hasta 1999: Auckland Blues) son un equipo masculino de rugby de la ciudad de Auckland (Nueva Zelanda).Juega desde 1996 en el Super Rugby, el principal campeonato de selecciones provinciales del Hemisferio Sur, donde representa a la región norte de la Isla Norte del país. Garofalo, pp. Hendrix was a skilled guitarist, and a pioneer in the innovative use of distortion and audio feedback in his music. Whatever you need a website for, create yours today with Wix: https://www.wix.com/go/infographics What are some of the most disturbing wikipedia pages? After WWII, blues had a substantial influence on jazz. Handy wrote that he adopted this convention to avoid the monotony of lines repeated three times. His songs, originally distributed only in Europe,[109] commented on political issues such as racism or Vietnam War issues, which was unusual for this period. [12] This melancholy has led to the suggestion of an Igbo origin for blues because of the reputation the Igbo had throughout plantations in the Americas for their melancholic music and outlook on life when they were enslaved.[13][14]. CMY, 7. Chicago blues also influenced Louisiana's zydeco music,[95] with Clifton Chenier[96] using blues accents. Blues, secular folk music created by African Americans in the early 20th century, originally in the South. De Buachstom CMYK beziang se auf de via Grundfoabm vom Modö: Cyan, Magena, Yellow und Key (fia Schwoaz). Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. King, Buddy Guy, Gary Clark Jr., Jeff Beck, Derek Trucks, Keb Mo, and others. In the 1920s, the blues became a major element of African American and American popular music, reaching white audiences via Handy's arrangements and the classic female blues performers. Blues forms are used in the theme to the televised Batman, teen idol Fabian Forte's hit, "Turn Me Loose", country music star Jimmie Rodgers' music, and guitarist/vocalist Tracy Chapman's hit "Give Me One Reason". Blues incorporated spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts, chants, and rhymed simple narrative ballads. In the late 1950s, a new blues style emerged on Chicago's West Side pioneered by Magic Sam, Buddy Guy and Otis Rush on Cobra Records. The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African Americans, at a time when "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more popular. His style of music was not exactly rockabilly but it has been often called real rock and roll (this is a label he shares with several African American rock and roll performers).[125][126]. It was only in the first decades of the 20th century that the most common current structure became standard: the AAB pattern, consisting of a line sung over the four first bars, its repetition over the next four, and then a longer concluding line over the last bars. Januar 1999 nahe Clarksdale, Mississippi) ist ein US-amerikanischer Blues-Gitarrist und Sänger. Black and white musicians shared the same repertoire and thought of themselves as "songsters" rather than blues musicians. Willie Brown (circa 1890-1895 – Tunica, 30 december 1952)[A] was een Amerikaanse blueszanger en gitarist uit Mississippi, die wordt beschouwd als een van de grondleggers van de Deltablues. Before World War II, Tampa Red was sometimes referred to as "the Guitar Wizard". It is associated with the newly acquired freedom of the former slaves. Muddy Waters and Elmore James were known for their innovative use of slide electric guitar. Mitglied werden. Magenta (M), 3. Blues became a code word for a record designed to sell to black listeners. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. While the blues is most often considered to be in sectional strophic form with a verse-chorus pattern, it may also be considered as an extension of the variational chaconne procedure. King; September 16, 1925 – May 14, 2015) was an American blues guitarist and singer-songwriter. Sims, Frankie Lee, 1917-1970 Sims, Frankie Lee Frankie Lee Sims Frankie Lee Sims American singer-songwriter and electric blues guitarist VIAF ID: 12492890 (Personal) Many blues musicians based in Memphis moved to Chicago in the late 1930s or early 1940s and became part of the urban blues movement. Early country music was infused with the blues. … Blues subgenres include country blues, such as Delta blues and Piedmont blues, as well as urban blues styles such as Chicago blues and West Coast blues. Howlin' Wolf and Muddy Waters were known for their deep, "gravelly" voices. [45] Nevertheless, the album won another Grammy, again for Best Ethnic or Traditional Recording. (2011). A live CD The Moody Blues Live in Seattle 1979 during the Octave tour of a concert at Seattle Center Coliseum recorded on 25 May 1979 was later issued in 2013. [37], Other recordings that are still available were made in 1924 by Lawrence Gellert. [73][74], City or urban blues styles were more codified and elaborate, as a performer was no longer within their local, immediate community, and had to adapt to a larger, more varied audience's aesthetic. Café ¿Cómo colaborar? Country blues performers often improvised, either without accompaniment or with only a banjo or guitar. Robert William Gary Moore (4 April 1952 – 6 February 2011) was a Northern Irish musician and singer-songwriter. Christone „Kingfish“ Ingram (* 19. An early known use of the phrase "thin blue line" is from a 1911 poem by Nels Dickmann Anderson, titled "The Thin Blue Line". Morales, p. 276. Blues musicians are musical artists who are primarily recognized as writing, performing, and recording blues music. The blues chords associated to a twelve-bar blues are typically a set of three different chords played over a 12-bar scheme. Stellenangebote. [116], In the 1990s, the largely ignored hill country blues gained minor recognition in both blues and alternative rock music circles with northern Mississippi artists R. L. Burnside and Junior Kimbrough. John Lee Hooker's blues is more "personal", based on Hooker's deep rough voice accompanied by a single electric guitar. Its influence on popular singing has been so widespread that, at least among males, singing and emoting have become almost identical—it is a matter of projection rather than hitting the notes.". By 1980 they were ready to record again, this time bringing in producer Pip Williams. Edward P. Comentale has noted how the blues was often used as a medium for art or self-expression, stating: "As heard from Delta shacks to Chicago tenements to Harlem cabarets, the blues proved—despite its pained origins—a remarkably flexible medium and a new arena for the shaping of identity and community."[122]. Later, several recordings were made by Robert W. Gordon, who became head of the Archive of American Folk Songs of the Library of Congress. Fender frequently releases limited editions of the Blues Junior. [47] A form of this pre-blues was heard in slave ring shouts and field hollers, expanded into "simple solo songs laden with emotional content". [1] They come from different eras and include styles such as ragtime-vaudeville, Delta and country blues, and urban styles from Chicago and the West Coast. Other harp players such as Big Walter Horton were also influential. The term Blues may have come from "blue devils", meaning melancholy and sadness; an early use of the term in this sense is in George Colman's one-act farce Blue Devils (1798). Idiosyncratic numbers of bars are occasionally used, such as the 9-bar progression in "Sitting on Top of the World", by Walter Vinson. Blues Musicus → Musicus naar genre} → Bluesmusicus Ondercategorieën Deze categorie bevat de volgende 5 ondercategorieën, van een totaal van 5. Chicago became a center for electric blues from 1948 on, when Muddy Waters recorded his first success, "I Can't Be Satisfied". B. Lenoir, but the saxophone was used as a backing instrument for rhythmic support more than as a lead instrument. [81] Chicago boogie-woogie performers included Clarence "Pine Top" Smith and Earl Hines, who "linked the propulsive left-hand rhythms of the ragtime pianists with melodic figures similar to those of Armstrong's trumpet in the right hand". It lies between violet and green on the spectrum of visible light. [45], According to Lawrence Levine, "there was a direct relationship between the national ideological emphasis upon the individual, the popularity of Booker T. Washington's teachings, and the rise of the blues." His album Alabama Blues contained a song with the following lyric: I never will go back to Alabama, that is not the place for me (2x) [129] Almost 30 years later, Mahal wrote blues for, and performed a banjo composition, claw-hammer style, in the 2001 movie release Songcatcher, which focused on the story of the preservation of the roots music of Appalachia. Several scholars characterize the development of blues music in the early 1900s as a move from group performance to individualized performance. The simple but expressive forms of the blues became by the 1960s one of the most important influences on the development of popular music. In response to In the early 1970s, the Texas rock-blues style emerged, which used guitars in both solo and rhythm roles. The 50 stars represent the 50 states. CMYK. The first Stevie Ray Vaughan recording Texas Flood was released in 1983, and the Texas-based guitarist exploded onto the international stage. Rhythm and Blues (auch Rhythm & Blues oder Rhythm ’n’ Blues, abgekürzt: R&B, R ’n’ B oder auch RnB) bezeichnet den in den 1940er Jahren vorherrschenden Stil afroamerikanischer Popmusik: eine rhythmisch stark akzentuierte Form des Blues, aus der später Rock ’n’ Roll wurde, die von Weißen gespielte und produzierte Form des Rhythm and Blues. In da Bayrisch-Östareichischn Wikipedia mid 31.461 Artikln! For instance, for a blues in the key of C, C is the tonic chord (I) and F is the subdominant (IV). [24] With the popularity of early performers, such as Bessie Smith, use of the twelve-bar blues spread across the music industry during the 1920s and 30s. April bis zum 1. In response to COVID-19 the Blues Hall of Fame Museum is closed until further notice. White audiences' interest in the blues during the 1960s increased due to the Chicago-based Paul Butterfield Blues Band featuring guitarist Michael Bloomfield, and the British blues movement. Blues musicians are musical artists who are primarily recognized as writing, performing, and recording blues music. Boogie-woogie was pioneered by the Chicago-based Jimmy Yancey and the Boogie-Woogie Trio (Albert Ammons, Pete Johnson and Meade Lux Lewis). His first hit, "Boogie Chillen", reached number 1 on the R&B charts in 1949. Der Blues bildet die Wurzel eines Großteils der populären nordamerikanischen Musik. They are now lost. [58] However, in the 1920s, when country blues began to be recorded, the use of the banjo in blues music was quite marginal and limited to individuals such as Papa Charlie Jackson and later Gus Cannon. The film earned Mahal a Grammy nomination for Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture and a BAFTA nomination. A lot of the 1970s-era "outlaw" country music by Willie Nelson and Waylon Jennings also borrowed from the blues. Steinberg, Jesse R.; Fairweather, Abrol (eds.) Hosted by President Obama and Mrs. Obama, the show featured performances by B.B. Another development in this period was big band blues. Tennessee-born Bobby "Blue" Bland, like B. Call-and-response shouts were an early form of blues-like music; they were a "functional expression ... style without accompaniment or harmony and unbounded by the formality of any particular musical structure". Gospel music was nevertheless using musical forms that were compatible with Christian hymns and therefore less marked by the blues form than its secular counterpart. Le blues [bluz] (de l'anglais :[bluːz]) est un genre musical, vocal et instrumental dérivé des chants de travail des populations afro-américaines subissant la ségrégation raciale aux États-Unis. Many early rock and roll songs are based on blues: "That's All Right Mama", "Johnny B. Goode", "Blue Suede Shoes", "Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin On", "Shake, Rattle, and Roll", and "Long Tall Sally". Rebecca, Rebecca, get your big legs off of me, Garofalo cited Barlow in "Handy's sudden success demonstrated [the] commercial potential of [the blues], which in turn made the genre attractive to the Tin Pan Alley hacks, who wasted little time in turning out a deluge of imitations." Free were an English rock band formed in London in 1968, best known for their 1970 signature song "All Right Now". In 2003, Martin Scorsese made significant efforts to promote the blues to a larger audience. In melody, blues is distinguished by the use of the flattened third, fifth and seventh of the associated major scale.[28]. Cyan (C), 2. Pianist Memphis Slim began his career in Memphis, but his distinct style was smoother and had some swing elements. [6][7], In lyrics the phrase is often used to describe a depressed mood. [16], Hokum blues celebrated both comedic lyrical content and a boisterous, farcical performance style. Listen now! Major artists of the Texas style are Johnny Winter, Stevie Ray Vaughan, the Fabulous Thunderbirds (led by harmonica player and singer-songwriter Kim Wilson), and ZZ Top. (Parentheticals in Garofalo.). AccuRadio's Season of Sharing is back! The blues scale is ubiquitous in modern popular music and informs many modal frames, especially the ladder of thirds used in rock music (for example, in "A Hard Day's Night"). [55], The Diddley bow (a homemade one-stringed instrument found in parts of the American South in the early twentieth century) and the banjo are African-derived instruments that may have helped in the transfer of African performance techniques into the early blues instrumental vocabulary. ] gospel music developed in the innovative use of slide electric guitar as a instrument! 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